Chapter

Science and Technology for Governance in China

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780198082286
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082377 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.003.0010
Science and Technology for Governance in China

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This chapter demonstrates that China's economic and social transformation has been governed through the support of science and technology (S&T) instruments. The preference for S&T instruments over other governance policies can be attributed to the power of S&T in shaping and directing growth. The chapter is organized as follows. The second section investigates the interplay of S&T development and economic and political governance in theory. The third section presents selected investments in S&T and its output to indicate the federalized powers and the functioning of the S&T establishment. The fourth section presents changes over the last two decades in the fiscal structure with particular attention to the various dimensions of federalized governance. The final section concludes, linking fiscal federalism and S&T to demonstrate the interrelated dynamics of transformation of S&T and the economic system.

Keywords: Chinese economic development; Chinese economic transformation; Chinese social transformation; Chinese science and technology establishment; Chinese fiscal structure; economic system and technology interface; federalized governance

Chapter.  8952 words. 

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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