Have China and India Become More Innovative Since the Onset of Reforms in the Two Countries?

Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D’Costa

in Transformation and Development

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780198082286
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082377 | DOI:
Have China and India Become More Innovative Since the Onset of Reforms in the Two Countries?

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This chapter compares innovative activities in India and China. It first presents the larger context against which one may analyze the nature and extent of innovative activities in these two countries. It then presents quantitative evidence on whether the two economies are becoming innovative. The Chinese National System of Innovation (NSI) is dominated by the Sectoral System of innovation (SSI) of the electronics and telecommunications industries; for India it is dominated by the SSI of the pharmaceutical industry. In both countries, innovative activities are increasingly provided by multinational corporations. In other words, both China and India have become important locations for innovative activities. However, the continued rise in innovative activity in the two countries is limited by the availability of finance and high-quality scientists and engineers.

Keywords: innovation comparisons; Chinese National System of Innovation; Chinese Sectoral System of Innovation; Indian pharmaceutical innovations; electronics and telecommunications industries; pharmaceutical industry; multinational corporations; Indian scientists; Indian engineers; Multinational corporations and innovation

Chapter.  8981 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Comparative Politics

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