Chapter

Introduction: Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Water Management—Match or Mismatch?

Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

in Controlling the Water

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780198082927
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082247 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.003.0001
Introduction: Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Water Management—Match or Mismatch?

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In recent years we can see a growing pressure on land and water resources, increasing water scarcity, and intensifying competition between sectors, water uses, and water users. Processes of socio-economic transformation in developing countries like India and Nepal often entail interventions in irrigated agriculture to increase efficiency, sustainability, or equity. These processes also generate societal debate about the advantages and disadvantages of modern engineering technology and ‘traditional’ or ‘farmer-managed’ irrigation systems. Dealing effectively with these issues and problems, it first requires an understanding of the complex interrelationships between the various dimensions of water control involved. The Introduction provides a critical perspective on the role of technology and institutions in and around irrigation in a context of rapid societal changes. It also introduces the case studies and the technologies, institutions, and socio-technical interactions they present.

Keywords: irrigation management; irrigation technology; canal irrigation; farmer-managed irrigation systems; water scarcity; irrigation in India; irrigation in Nepal; interdisciplinarity

Chapter.  9910 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociology

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