Chapter

Groundwater Irrigation Development, Conjunctive Use, and the Evolution of Water Use Complexes in the Nepalese Terai

Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

in Controlling the Water

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780198082927
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199082247 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.003.0007
Groundwater Irrigation Development, Conjunctive Use, and the Evolution of Water Use Complexes in the Nepalese Terai

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Though irrigation policy stresses the need to promote conjunctive water management, interventions in groundwater and surface water are often completely isolated from each other. This chapter discusses institutional changes in a complex water resources setting in the Tinau river basin of Nepal. It aims at understanding the evolution of institutions for water management and governance in an area with a history of surface irrigation management subject to large-scale interventions in deep and shallow groundwater irrigation. The empirical evidence drawn from this research shows that the institutions that evolve for managing irrigation are very dynamic. They emerge as a result of the interaction of the different characteristics of various technologies and sources of water in a society undergoing more general transformations. The study shows that to understand resource use, technical performance, and future options in their transformation, we need to look beyond interventions and focus on local institutional processes.

Keywords: groundwater irrigation; conjunctive water use; water use complexes; deep and shallow tube wells; farmer-managed irrigation systems; irrigation institutions; Chattis Mauja; irrigation in Nepal Terai; Tinau river

Chapter.  10132 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Sociology

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