The Manuscripts

Christine Franzen

in The Tremulous Hand of Worcester

Published in print September 1991 | ISBN: 9780198117421
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670954 | DOI:

Series: Oxford English Monographs

The Manuscripts

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  • Literary Studies (Early and Medieval)


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At least twenty manuscripts contain evidence of the tremulous scribe's hand. Some of the manuscripts have been glossed by the tremulous hand, but in varying degrees and manners. All of the glossed manuscripts also contain marks updating vowels and consonants and adding word division and punctuation. Five of the manuscripts have collections of Latin-English word pairs on one or more leaves. Occasionally, there are odd doodles in his hand. What he did to each of these manuscripts, and when, is essential to an understanding of his work and interests. This chapter discusses each of these manuscripts indicating which states of the tremulous hand are present, how heavily glossed and annotated the manuscript is, and which texts within the manuscript appear to have been of most interest to him. Other earlier or contemporary glosses and annotations are also considered, along with manuscripts containing Old English which were probably in Worcester in the 13th century but show no evidence of the Worcester scribe's hand.

Keywords: tremulous scribe; tremulous hand; manuscripts; Old English; 13th century; glosses

Chapter.  25919 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (Early and Medieval)

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