His Use of Sources and External Aids

Christine Franzen

in The Tremulous Hand of Worcester

Published in print September 1991 | ISBN: 9780198117421
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191670954 | DOI:

Series: Oxford English Monographs

His Use of Sources and External Aids

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Literary Studies (Early and Medieval)


Show Summary Details


This chapter briefly reviews some of the evidence for the knowledge and use of Old English after the mid-12th century. It then examines the evidence which may indicate whether the tremulous scribe used external aids such as glossaries and other sources, and if he did, what these sources were. It also considers the scribe's worksheets and cribbed glosses, along with other external sources from which the tremulous scribe culled English-Latin word pairs. In most of the manuscripts, he has occasionally repeated or slightly respelt Old English words in the margin, sometimes accompanied with a Latin gloss. The glossator has repeated or slightly respelt lemmata for a number of different reasons. The main categories distinguished here include: respelling to avoid confusion with a similarly spelt word; repetition which flagged an Old English word unknown to the glossator; repetition which flagged a passage or word which was significant rather than difficult; and repetition which flagged a word pair which was of interest to him.

Keywords: tremulous scribe; manuscripts; Old English; respelling; glossaries; worksheets; cribbed glosses; word pairs; lemmata; repetition

Chapter.  24610 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Literary Studies (Early and Medieval)

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.