Chapter

The Garrisoning and Quartering of the Army

Henry Reece

in The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780198200635
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191746284 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.003.0005
The Garrisoning and Quartering of the Army

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Decisions on which towns would be garrisoned and where the army would be quartered led to greatly differing experiences of the military presence for different parts of England. This chapter describes how successive Interregnum governments were determined to avoid a repetition of the consequences of the fall of Colchester, a major inland garrison, to the royalists in the second civil war. The focus of government policy was on forts rather than fortified towns, and on coastal garrisons rather than inland towns. The chapter considers the rationale for maintaining maritime garrisons, and describes where units of the marching army, particularly cavalry, quartered to complement the siting of garrisons. It shows how government was able to reconcile its strategic imperative with the necessity to maintain a visible military presence in large towns.

Keywords: garrisons; quartering; Colchester; inland towns; maritime garrisons; cavalry; marching army; military presence

Chapter.  6025 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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