Chapter

The Material Impact of the Military Presence

Henry Reece

in The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780198200635
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191746284 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.003.0007
The Material Impact of the Military Presence

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The existence of a standing army, however well disciplined, guaranteed financial hardship and social disruption for the civilian communities where the soldiers were based. The first part of the chapter describes the attempts by the government and army to minimize the taking of free quarter. The second part of the chapter establishes where soldiers actually lived, and what this meant for the civilian population. The final section takes a broader view of the material impact — economic, financial, and social — of the soldiers' presence, and discusses the visibility of a standing army, the disorder that accompanied the presence of soldiers, and both the benefits and the threats to local tradesmen posed by the existence of a garrison. The chapter concludes with a brief case study of the impact on Hull of a large, permanent garrison.

Keywords: standing army; civilians; soldiers; free quarter; garrison; Hull; military presence

Chapter.  11107 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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