Chapter

The Army and the Government of the Localities

Henry Reece

in The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780198200635
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191746284 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.003.0009
The Army and the Government of the Localities

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The central themes of this chapter are: that there was a continuity in the army's involvement in the government of the localities from 1649 to 1660; that successive governments in London relied on army officers because they had few alternatives; that the major-generals were a development on what had gone before rather than a radical aberration; that the army's role in most parts of the country tended towards interference rather than centralization and did not encroach too much on local autonomy; and that the response of civilian elites to the army's participation in local administration was surprisingly muted. The chapter looks in turn at the army's involvement in policing; the roles of individual officers, particularly garrison governors; the integration of army men into the local community; and the rule of the major-generals in the context of the Protectorate's approach towards settlement in the localities.

Keywords: officers; garrison governors; localities; local administration; major-generals; centralization; settlement

Chapter.  18616 words. 

Subjects: Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)

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