Jonathan Phillips

in Defenders of the Holy Land

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198205401
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191676611 | DOI:

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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The triumph of the First Crusade led to the establishment of a Latin Christian community in the Levant. The relationship between the Latin East and western Europe in the years between the major crusading expeditions of the 12th century has been given very little attention by historians. In 1119, Muslim forces heavily defeated the army of Prince Roger of Antioch at the Battle of the Field of Blood in northern Syria. This was a terrible blow to the Christians. The papal appeals of 1157, 1165, 1166, 1169, 1173, 1181, 1184, and 1187 also indicate concern for the plight of the Latin East in western Europe. The issue of financial help for the settlers was clearly an important aspect of their relationship with the West, although little information on the subject remains.

Keywords: Latin Christian Community; Crusade; historians; Christians; settlers

Chapter.  5762 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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