Chapter

The Second Crusade, 1145–9

Jonathan Phillips

in Defenders of the Holy Land

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198205401
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191676611 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205401.003.0004
The Second Crusade, 1145–9

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On 24 December 1144, Imad ad-Din Zengi, the Muslim ruler of Aleppo and Mosul, captured the city of Edessa. His forces then took the town of Saruj, and by April 1145, he controlled Edessan lands to the east of the Euphrates. The captured territory was extremely fertile and its loss would have a detrimental effect upon the economy of the Latin East. Strategically, the reduction in Christian-held lands meant that there was less pressure on Aleppo and consequently the Muslims could devote greater attention to harassing the principality of Antioch. Messengers from Antioch and Jerusalem probably reached the West in the summer of 1145. Papal endorsement gave the requests from the Latin East added credibility and also provided a channel through which the appeal could be broadcast to the public through preaching.

Keywords: Imad ad-Din Zengi; Christians; Muslims; preaching; Jerusalem

Chapter.  11764 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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