Approaches to both Byzantium and the West, 1163–8

Jonathan Phillips

in Defenders of the Holy Land

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198205401
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191676611 | DOI:
Approaches to both Byzantium and the West, 1163–8

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From the early 1160s, the pressure on the Christians began to build up. It became imperative to secure external help to sustain the Frankish territories and requests for military assistance became more desperate. A series of set backs affected the Latin East in this period, and in response to this an increasingly intensive campaign was directed towards western Europe in an attempt to prompt a new crusade. Disregarding the letters sent by the Military Orders, it is noticeable that during this period the settlers commonly used churchmen to lead their embassies to the West. In 1164 the archbishop of Mamistra delivered two letters from Amalric to King Louis. The archbishop is described as a venerable figure, and his diocese had been out of Frankish control since 1138.

Keywords: Christians; military assistance; crusade; settlers; archbishop

Chapter.  11994 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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