Jonathan Phillips

in Defenders of the Holy Land

Published in print March 1996 | ISBN: 9780198205401
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191676611 | DOI:

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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The wish to secure husbands to marry important heiresses and the need for short-term military help caused the Frankish settlers in the Levant to turn to western Europe on many occasions. It is clear that they had other requirements, such as financial help and an increase in the size of the permanent fighting force in the East, but far less information concerning these subjects survives. The occasions when high-ranking husbands were sought from Europe have been pinpointed and the background to each situation analysed. The need for short-term military help could arise in a variety of circumstances. In some instances naval expertise was required, which led to an approach to a maritime power. The decision-making processes that initiated communication with the West have been studied. Individual ecclesiastics or secular rulers, or institutions such as the Military Orders, could dispatch messages on their own initiative, on some occasions without any wider discussion.

Keywords: heiresses; Frankish settlers; financial help; maritime power; decision making

Chapter.  1780 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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