Chapter

Constitutionalism

Howard G. Brown

in War, Revolution, and the Bureaucratic State

Published in print September 1993 | ISBN: 9780198205425
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191676628 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205425.003.0008
Constitutionalism

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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This chapter examines the constitution drafted by the Thermidorian Convention in France in 1795. The constitution increased the rationalization of authority compared with the Constitution of 1791 by attaching commissaires du pouvoir executif to every local authority. It also restored the separation of powers, by giving the regulatory power to the executive but eliminating the veto power. In terms of central administration, this constitution merely replicated the model of 1791.

Keywords: constitution; France; Thermidorian Convention; separation of powers; political history

Chapter.  11754 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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