Chapter

French Refugee Deists in Exile

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment

Published in print February 2001 | ISBN: 9780198206088
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191676970 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0031
French Refugee Deists in Exile

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Ex-Catholic monks, priests, teachers, doctors, and literati who, estranged from religion and tradition as well as the constraints on theological, philosophical, and literary expression in Bourbon, France, sought greater personal, spiritual, and intellectual freedom abroad. These émigrés formed a close-knit intellectual diaspora from the end of the 17th century to the mid-18th century, which likewise had its headquarters in Holland while exerting a pervasive impact across Europe. Among these were Nicolas Gueudeville (1652-c.1721), a member of the contingent of defrocked monks who joined the diaspora of French refugee authors and editors in Holland in the early 18th century; Therniseul de Saint-Hyacinthe (1684–1746) one of the most assiduous philosophical adventurers of the early 18th century and a long-standing foe of Voltaire; and Jean–Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens (1703–71), one of the most widely read radical deist writers of Early Enlightenment Europe.

Keywords: émigrés; Holland; Nicolas Gueudeville; Therniseul de Saint–Hyacinthe; Jean–Baptiste de Boyer

Chapter.  8310 words. 

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