Charters and Laws

T. M. Charles-Edwards

in Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780198217312
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744778 | DOI:

Series: History of Wales

Charters and Laws

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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This chapter is the first in the second part of the book, devoted to the society of early‐medieval Wales. The two principal sources are the charters associated with two Glamorganshire churches, Llandaff and Llancarfan, and one church in Carmarthenshire, Llandeilo Fawr. The Llandaff collection is the largest but also by far the most problematic. As charters benefitting Llandaff, they are forgeries, but what the forgers very probably did was take charters belonging to other churches, mainly in Gwent and Ergyng, and then pretend that the beneficiaries belonged to Llandaff. The Llancarfan collection is especially useful since it preserves the fullest details on the food‐renders paid by peasants to their lords. The laws belong to the period after 1064, but it is sometimes possible to argue that particular rules and institutions were early.

Keywords: llandaff charters; Llancarfan charters; The Lichfield Gospels; The editing of charters; Welsh law

Chapter.  15259 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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