Chapter

The Organization of the Church

T. M. Charles-Edwards

in Wales and the Britons, 350-1064

Published in print November 2012 | ISBN: 9780198217312
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191744778 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217312.003.0019

Series: History of Wales

The Organization of the Church

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The fourth and final part of the book covers the church and Welsh culture, both Latin and vernacular. In Gaul, bishops almost always continued to have their sees in Roman cities, while their territories were identical with those of the civitates. In Celtic Britain this had ceased to be true by the beginning of the seventh century, although the unity of the old civitas may have lived on in the synod. In Britain, as in Ireland, there were more bishops than in northern Gaul. One major change from the seventh to the ninth century was, as in Ireland and England, the shift towards burial in churchyards. The nature of this shift is most fully revealed, however, by texts of the eleventh century and later. The major early Welsh churches, those served by a clerical community, are traditionally known as clas churches. Again, the nature of such communities is best revealed by the eleventh‐century Life of St Cadog, although charter witness‐lists are also helpful.

Keywords: Bishops; synods; burial; sanctuary; local churches; church cemeteries; clasau; the cults of saints

Chapter.  23782 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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