Chapter

Reflating Europe with the Marshall Plan

David Ellwood

in The Shock of America

Published in print July 2012 | ISBN: 9780198228790
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191741739 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198228790.003.0010

Series: Oxford History of Modern Europe

Reflating Europe with the Marshall Plan

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This chapter summarises the far and near origins of the Marshall Plan project, and the American and European contexts in which it was born and developed. Emphasises the evolution of the Plan in practice, as ever more meanings and objectives were projected on to it, ending with a complete blueprint for the modernization of western Europe's economy as a whole via the two key watchwords: productivity and integration. Special attention is drawn to the information and propaganda effort devoted to putting over these propositioins, and responses to them. Italy, already a key Cold War country in 1948, is treated as a special case, where a wide range of responses to the Plan in general can be traced; comparisons are made with responses in other participating nations, and comments on the Plan's short and long term results are included.

Keywords: Marshall Plan; ERP; productivity; European integration; official propaganda; Italian economy

Chapter.  21481 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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