Chapter

Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality in Selected European Countries

Irvine Loudon

in Death in Childbirth

Published in print November 1992 | ISBN: 9780198229971
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191678950 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198229971.003.0027
Maternal Care and Maternal Mortality in Selected European Countries

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This chapter examines the levels and trends in maternal care and mortality in certain European countries. It suggests that maternal mortality rates in certain European countries, particularly in Norway, Sweden, the Netherlands, and Denmark, were lower than those in Great Britain and the US because they had developed very different systems of maternal care with respect to the training and regulation of midwives and the development of obstetrics both as a branch of general practice and as a speciality. This chapter also examines the influence of genetic, socio-economic and cultural differences on the differences between European maternal mortality and that in Great Britain and the U.S., and the effects of World War II on the maternal mortality rate.

Keywords: maternal care; maternal mortality; midwives; obstetrics; European countries; World War II

Chapter.  6222 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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