Chapter

Social Security in Developing Countries: What, Why, Who, and How?

Robin Burgess and Nicholas Stern

in Social Security in Developing Countries

Published in print February 1991 | ISBN: 9780198233008
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191678967 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.003.0002

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

Social Security in Developing Countries: What, Why, Who, and How?

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This chapter aims to help clarify some of the problems and issues raised by attempts to understand and alleviate the deprivation and fragility associated with the lives of so many people. It explains what social security means and defines the term with respect to objectives for developing countries. The chapter determines why the State should be involved in social security and investigates various general reasons for intervention that may be relevant to entities other than government. It examines arguments concerning market failure and income distribution that arise within the standard economic theory of policy and then looks more widely at questions concerning rights of individuals, at notions of State obligations, and at the concept of standard of living and the role of the State in improving it. The chapter further poses the question of who should carry responsibility for social security.

Keywords: social security; market failure; income distribution; policy; rights of individuals; State obligations; responsibility

Chapter.  18087 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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