Chapter

Social Security in China: A Historical Perspective<sup>*</sup>

Ehtisham Ahmad and Athar Hussain

in Social Security in Developing Countries

Published in print February 1991 | ISBN: 9780198233008
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191678967 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198233008.003.0006

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

Social Security in China: A Historical Perspective*

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This chapter provides a schematic historical background, relevant for the present purposes, and presents an overview of social security in China. It discusses the details of the social-security programmes and the relevant features of the economy with reference to rural areas and urban areas. The chapter notes that when analysing the Chinese social-security system, it is important to bear in mind that the Chinese economy has undergone a series of revolutionary transformations since 1949. It emphasizes that, in China, the pervasive State control of industry and fundamental changes in the land tenure have made it possible for measures for preventing and alleviating deprivation to be built into the fabric of the economy to a degree that simply would not be feasible in an evolutionary framework.

Keywords: historical background; social security; China; rural areas; urban areas; revolutionary transformations; industry; land tenure; deprivation; evolutionary framework

Chapter.  26806 words. 

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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