Chapter

The Experiential Basis of Cognitive Diversity and the Unavoidability of Pluralism

Nicholas Rescher

in Pluralism

Published in print September 1995 | ISBN: 9780198236016
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191679162 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198236016.003.0004

Series: Clarendon Library of Logic and Philosophy

The Experiential Basis of Cognitive Diversity and the Unavoidability of Pluralism

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This chapter argues against the principle of consensus on the grounds of the experiential basis of cognitive diversity and the unavoidability of pluralism. In explains that even when there is agreement about the aims and methods of a cognitive enterprise, inquirers would still arrive at discordant and conflicting results when the data produced by the course of their experience are different. Thus, cognitive dissensus is rendered inevitable by experiential diversity. This clearly indicates that the unavailability of consensus and the inescapability of cognitive pluralism are the realities of the life of reason.

Keywords: consensus; cognitive diversity; pluralism; experiential diversity; reason

Chapter.  5090 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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