Chapter

The Standard Picture

Edward Stein

in Without Good Reason

Published in print December 1997 | ISBN: 9780198237730
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191679520 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.003.0007

Series: Clarendon Library of Logic and Philosophy

The Standard Picture

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According to the standard picture of rationality, there are normative principles of reasoning, and these principles are (at least, for the most part) what we think they are; that is, they stem from principles of logic, probability, and the like. There are three arguments why human rationality might be a conceptual matter, which address themselves to the normative principles of reasoning. The first claims that relativism is true for the norms of reasoning; the second claims that the norms of reasoning are dependent on our reasoning competence; and the third claims that we have no access to the norms of reasoning. This chapter argues that although none of these arguments successfully undermines the irrationality thesis, they do not leave the standard picture of rationality unscathed. It also considers a serious alternative to the standard picture of rationality, dubbed the naturalized picture of rationality.

Keywords: standard picture; rationality; logic; probability; normative principles; relativism; reasoning competence; irrationality; naturalized picture

Chapter.  21951 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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