Instruments of Knowledge

Jonardon Ganeri

in Semantic Powers

Published in print March 1999 | ISBN: 9780198237884
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191679544 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Philosophical Monographs

Instruments of Knowledge

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  • History of Western Philosophy


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This chapter begins with a discussion of an important feature of Pāninian grammatical theory, which draws a distinction between the superficial grammatical form of a sentence and a deeper level of structure, known as kāraka level. The later Naiyāyikas attached great significance to this distinction, and developed Pānini's theory of kārakas into an account of semantic structure. The chapter then discusses the pramānas — the faculties or capacities which lead to knowledge; and the Nyāya theory of testimony.

Keywords: kāraka; semantic roles; pramānas; knowledge; testimony; Nyāya

Chapter.  12885 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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