Chapter

Prejudice in the Credibility Economy

Miranda Fricker

in Epistemic Injustice

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780198237907
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191706844 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237907.003.0003
 Prejudice in the Credibility Economy

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This chapter defends an account of stereotypes, according to which stereotypes are (reliable or unreliable) widely-held associations of an attribute(s) and a social group. A conception of prejudice is advanced and put together with the foregoing to produce a definition of prejudicial stereotype. It is argued that (reliable) stereotypes are an essential heuristic in the making of credibility judgements in testimonial exchanges. There is, however, an ever-present risk that the stereotypes on which we rely are prejudicial, producing testimonial injustice. The wrong of testimonial injustice is analysed: someone is undermined in their capacity as a giver of knowledge.

Keywords: stereotype; credibility judgement; social imagination; social construction; testimonial injustice

Chapter.  13216 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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