Chapter

Locating Justice

Geoffrey Cupit

in Justice as Fittingness

Published in print January 1999 | ISBN: 9780198238621
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191679698 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238621.003.0001
Locating Justice

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Justice is a practical virtue concerned with how people should act. Those who avoid injustice in their dealings with others are esteemed, and are worthy of that esteem. A society which has just laws and a just division of benefits and burdens is superior to one which does not. But while justice is a virtue, it is not the only virtue. This chapter explores the nature of justice, what distinguishes justice from other virtues, and what makes justice distinctive. It explains where justice stands in relation to other concepts people employ when deciding how they should act. The main idea of justice as fittingness is discussed, along with status and value as two systems of practical reasoning, justice as a status system concept, injustice and other forms of unfitting treatment, and comparative justice and equality.

Keywords: justice; fittingness; status; value; injustice; equality; unfitting treatment; comparative justice; practical reasoning

Chapter.  13166 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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