Chapter

The Perspectivity of History

Dray William H.

in History as Re-Enactment

Published in print March 1999 | ISBN: 9780198238812
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191679780 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198238812.003.0008
The Perspectivity of History

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This chapter examines some other things which R. G. Collingwood had to say which have at times been interpreted as denying the objectivity of history. These include his claim that historians' conclusions are necessarily expressions of their own points of view, that what history offers is thus a view of the past from a present perspective, and that it can therefore be expected to be continually rewritten. His views on the nature of narrative in history are also considered. It is argued that nothing which Collingwood says about history being relative to a point of view justifies describing him as a sceptic. However, taking historical relativism to mean that the knowledge claimed by historians is conditioned by their points of view, Collingwood appeared to be an historical relativist. Collingwood's perspectivism often takes the more specific form of maintaining that what historians offer is accounts of the past from a present point of view. This chapter also discusses retrospective historical understanding, as well as presentism, retrospectivity, reality, and anachronism in Collingwood's theory of re-enactment.

Keywords: history; R. G. Collingwood; re-enactment; objectivity; perspectivism; historical relativism; presentism; retrospectivity; anachronism; historical understanding

Chapter.  21449 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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