Chapter

The Synthesis of Kantian and Aristotelian Ethics (1844)

Philip J. Kain

in Marx and Ethics

Published in print March 1991 | ISBN: 9780198239321
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191679896 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198239321.003.0003

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

The Synthesis of Kantian and Aristotelian Ethics (1844)

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This chapter explains how Karl Marx reconciles his Aristotelian concept of essence with his Kantian concept of a categorical imperative. First, the concepts of community, consciousness, and objectification are examined. For Marx, essence is realised, and thus morality is possible only in a consciously organised community, not in an alienated exchange economy. Marx's concept of objectification and its importance for the realisation of essence, freedom, and community are also considered, and some of the problems involved in his views about ethics are discussed.

Keywords: Karl Marx; ethics; consciousness; morality; essence; categorical imperative; community; objectification; exchange economy; freedom

Chapter.  14812 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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