This chapter aims to provide a somewhat broader perspective of Indian philosophy in the background of which philosophical arguments regarding perception and knowledge were developed. It deals with issues whose relevance with the main theme of this book may not be immediately obvious, but nevertheless the importance of these issues for forming a proper conception of what Indian philosophy is all about. The first section of this chapter contrasts philosophy with soteriology. The second section discusses the Nyāya project of philosophical inquiry. The third section considers debate and dialectic. The term ‘dialectic’ refers to the art of philosophic disputation in ancient India. The last section contrasts negation and refutation.
Keywords: Indian philosophy; soteriology; negation; refutation; dialectic
Chapter. 10086 words.
Subjects: Philosophy of Mind
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