Chapter

Aspects of Language

Alexander Broadie

in Introduction to Medieval Logic

Second edition

Published in print April 1993 | ISBN: 9780198240266
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680137 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240266.003.0002
Aspects of Language

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There are at least three levels with which the logician is concerned: terms, propositions, and inferences. This way of putting the matter suggests an obvious order of exposition for the logician. Since terms are elements out of which propositions are composed, they should be examined before propositions, and inferences, as composed of propositions, should be examined last. It was not uncommon for logicians during the Middle Ages to begin their logic textbooks, at least those of their textbooks containing comprehensive accounts of logic, by considering terms first, and then reaching their study of inferences by way of an analysis of propositions. This chapter looks at the use of terms, propositions, and inferences during the medieval period, along with thoughts, utterances, inscriptions, the temporality of propositions, and categorematic and syncategorematic terms.

Keywords: terms; propositions; inferences; Middle Ages; logic; utterances; language; inscriptions; thoughts

Chapter.  6413 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mathematics and Logic

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