The Presumption in Favor of Equal Shares

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print July 1993 | ISBN: 9780198240792
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680274 | DOI:

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

The Presumption in Favor of Equal Shares

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A multitude of moral theories attempt to explain the concepts of equal consideration and equal treatment as they bear on the distribution of wealth, opportunity, and income. This chapter dwells on the theory of equal shares. It lays the groundwork for the theory by arguing that, as an initial matter, justice requires that people be given equally valuable sets of resources and opportunities, rather than that the community doles out goods and opportunities. One class of distributive justice consists of theories that conceive of justice as a system of rules devised to benefit all who are subject to them. A second class of theories locates the acceptability of principles of distributive justice.

Keywords: distributive justice; equal share; opportunity; moral theory; equal treatment; ambition

Chapter.  26489 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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