Chapter

Unequal Endowments

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print July 1993 | ISBN: 9780198240792
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680274 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0006

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

Unequal Endowments

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As in the case of brute luck, equality of resources issues prescriptions that resemble those of theories that make entitlements depend on people's presumed insurance purchases. Dworkin and others claim that equal opportunity to insure against bad brute luck, given an equal distribution of resources, is all that justice demands, and that when equality of opportunity does not exist, those who lacked it should be treated as they probably would have been had they had a chance to insure. Equality of fortune and hypothetical insurance approaches stem from similar ideals, and in practice would differ only slightly. The implementation of any of these theories might additionally reduce disparities between the talented and the inept so much that people were untroubled by the differences that remained.

Keywords: equality of resource; brute luck; Dworkin; insurance; disparity; equality of fortune

Chapter.  14351 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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