Chapter

Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts

Eric Rakowski

in Equal Justice

Published in print July 1993 | ISBN: 9780198240792
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680274 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240792.003.0008

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

Justice and the Transfer of Body Parts

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This chapter examines the real and hypothetical responses to questions related to a handicapped or diseased persons' entitlement of parts of others' bodies in order to remove their disabilities or save their lives when the donor would not be similarly injured or endangered. The chapter endorses nonvoluntary post mortem transplants and the mandatory transfer of organs from live donors for the well-being of responsible adults in cases where the benefits would be large and the sacrifices demanded of donors not excessive. It then counters opponents of nonvoluntary transplants and finally concludes that compulsory renal or corneal transplants, as well as forced blood donations, are justifiable to redress significant inequalities if cadaver organs are unavailable and if potential recipients did not waived their right to receive an organ in exchange for a lessened risk of having to donate one of their own.

Keywords: disability; body parts; transplant; donor; recipient; organ transfer

Chapter.  15263 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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