Chapter

Infants and Foetuses

Kathleen V. Wilkes

in Real People

Published in print November 1993 | ISBN: 9780198240808
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680281 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198240808.003.0002

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

Infants and Foetuses

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Typical persons are rational, can use language, are intentional systems, require certain kinds of treatment from others, are agents of responsible behaviour, and have some special kind of self-consciousness. Problems arise when any of these strands are missing. This chapter considers normal and abnormal infants and fetuses. It shows the importance of the treatment they should receive. It comments on the potentiality and future interests of the organism, things that they are not aware of. The normal and healthy infant or foetus could be described as a person. Meanwhile, in vitro fertilization (IVF) techniques introduce the problem regarding the obligations and reasons for action towards the frozen zygote.

Keywords: infants; foetuses; IVF embryos; fuzzy persons; potentiality; zygote

Chapter.  11447 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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