Chapter

Prediction and Knowledge

Ted Honderich

in Mind and Brain

Published in print April 1990 | ISBN: 9780198242826
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680588 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.003.0007

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

Prediction and Knowledge

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The distinction between conditional predictability and simple predictability is not sharp but remains to be important to draw. If something is predictable, predictable in fact or in practice, it can be predicted on the basis of knowledge that exists, which is to say knowledge actually had by someone or at any rate recorded. If something is conditionally predictable, it could be predicted if certain knowledge existed, the having or recording of which knowledge is logically or conceptually possible, although perhaps factually and nomically possible. The proposition of conditional predictability, which certainly can be said to follow from all doctrines of true determinism, has regularly been used as well by objectors to those doctrines, that is why discussion on this matter always involves various facets and viewpoints.

Keywords: conditional predictability; simple predictability; prediction; knowledge; determinism; Newcomb Problem; action; explanation; neuroscience

Chapter.  18050 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Mind

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