Chapter

Compatibilism and Incompatibilism

Ted Honderich

in The Consequences of Determinism

Published in print April 1990 | ISBN: 9780198242833
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680595 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242833.003.0003

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

Compatibilism and Incompatibilism

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This chapter gives a striking account of the simultaneous mental and neural events, the psychoneural relation. It presents the first part of a new theory of that relation, the Union Theory, which supplants Identity Theories of mind and brain. Something of what is intended here is that the efficient cause of a man's action has essentially to do with desire or the like and also with reasoning about means to an end, the end being the goal or final cause of the action. The reasoning in itself would not issue in action. Desire or the like for the end is also necessary. Choice is thus desirous means–end reasoning. What is true is that a determinism is consistent with the first set of considerations and inconsistent with the second. It follows, if determinism is a fact, that the first set of considerations is undisturbed and the second is false.

Keywords: psychoneural relation; Union Theory; reasoning; determinism; considerations

Chapter.  18323 words. 

Subjects: Metaphysics

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