Chapter

The Growth of S<sub>2</sub>: The Four Causes

Daniel W. Graham

in Aristotle's Two Systems

Published in print October 1990 | ISBN: 9780198243151
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680649 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.003.0006

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

The Growth of S2: The Four Causes

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This chapter examines the development of four cause theory (FCT) from its appearance in S1 to its maturity in the late works of S2. The characteristic theories of S2 are the product of a systematic revision of the concepts found in S1. The theory originates from Aristotle's attention to an ordinary language analysis of explanatory statements. His new theory of hylomorphism leads him in Physics ii to associate two causes with matter and form and to conceive them as reciprocal causes, as he conceives of efficient and final causes in the light of historical analysis. This chapter also discusses the explanation of the development of FCT. Rather than resulting directly from hylomorphism, the full elaboration of FCT came about as a result of the craft model.

Keywords: four cause theory; ordinary language analysis; explanatory statements; hylomorphism; matter; craft model

Chapter.  11439 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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