Chapter

The Paradoxes of Substance: Form

Daniel W. Graham

in Aristotle's Two Systems

Published in print October 1990 | ISBN: 9780198243151
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680649 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198243151.003.0009

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

The Paradoxes of Substance: Form

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This chapter argues that the concepts of form and essence show an incoherence similar to that of matter. Aristotle fails to address the premisses that generate the paradoxes and instead he gives a series of different solutions but none of them is adequate and he does not even seem to be clear as to whether the solutions are the same or different. It also posits that the paradoxes of substance result from Aristotle's accepting an inconsistent set of principles and this warrants the elimination of the offending principle. This chapter discusses: form as substance; the essence as substance; problems of the well-tempered substance such as the empirical problem, the analytic problem, the conceptual problem; the incompatibility of the systems; and Aristotle's other solutions.

Keywords: form; essence; empirical problem; analytic problem; conceptual problem

Chapter.  12232 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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