Chapter

The Doctrine of the Mean

Stephen R.L. Clark

in Aristotle's Man

Published in print May 1975 | ISBN: 9780198245162
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680847 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245162.003.0006
The Doctrine of the Mean

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This chapter suggests that the analogy between moral sense and the primary sense is of considerable value. Moral awareness involves the concept of a mean: the form of virtue is elicited from a discussion of the virtues, commonly so called, in the light of biological and metaphysical theses about wholes. Virtue is revealed as a form of balance: the most reliable judge in moral as in other matters is he who is least one-sided, who sums up the various human potentials and so sees straight. The three means of social life, aletheia, eutrapelia, and philia, are described. The judge must balance the contestants' claims against each other, giving each their proper weight, and any deviation is equally injustice.

Keywords: moral sense; primary sense; moral awareness; mean; virtue; wholes; aletheia; eutrapelia; philia

Chapter.  6303 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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