The Doctrine of the Mean

Stephen R.L. Clark

in Aristotle's Man

Published in print May 1975 | ISBN: 9780198245162
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680847 | DOI:
The Doctrine of the Mean

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Ancient Philosophy


Show Summary Details


This chapter suggests that the analogy between moral sense and the primary sense is of considerable value. Moral awareness involves the concept of a mean: the form of virtue is elicited from a discussion of the virtues, commonly so called, in the light of biological and metaphysical theses about wholes. Virtue is revealed as a form of balance: the most reliable judge in moral as in other matters is he who is least one-sided, who sums up the various human potentials and so sees straight. The three means of social life, aletheia, eutrapelia, and philia, are described. The judge must balance the contestants' claims against each other, giving each their proper weight, and any deviation is equally injustice.

Keywords: moral sense; primary sense; moral awareness; mean; virtue; wholes; aletheia; eutrapelia; philia

Chapter.  6303 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.