Chapter

Lecture III

J. L. Austin

in How To Do Things With Words

Published in print September 1975 | ISBN: 9780198245537
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680861 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198245537.003.0003
Lecture III

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If somebody issues a performative utterance, and the utterance is classed as a misfire because the procedure invoked is not accepted, it is presumably persons other than the speaker who do not accept it. This chapter deals with cases where there was no procedure or no accepted procedure; where the procedure was invoked in inappropriate circumstances; and where the procedure was faultily executed or incompletely executed. In particular cases, these can be made to overlap; and they generally overlap with misunderstandings, a type of infelicity to which all utterances are probably liable, and mistakes, and acting under duress. There are also difficult or marginal cases where nothing in the previous history of a conventional procedure can decide conclusively whether such a procedure is or is not correctly applied to such a case.

Keywords: infelicity; performative utterance; procedure; misapplication; over-simplification; misunderstanding

Chapter.  3906 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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