Lecture IX

J. L. Austin

in How To Do Things With Words

Published in print September 1975 | ISBN: 9780198245537
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680861 | DOI:
Lecture IX

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This chapter distinguishes between illocutions and perlocutions, taking in the distinction between illocutions and locutions by the way. There are three ways – securing uptake, taking effect, and inviting a response – in which illocutionary acts are bound up with effects; and these are all distinct from the producing of effects that is characteristic of the perlocutionary act. Strictly speaking, there cannot be an illocutionary act unless the means employed are conventional, and so the means for achieving it non-verbally must be conventional. It is difficult to say where conventions begin and end. But, the fact remains that many illocutionary acts cannot be performed except by saying something. This is true of stating, informing, arguing, giving estimates, reckoning, and finding.

Keywords: illocutions; perlocutions; verdictives; expositives; performative; inviting responses

Chapter.  3516 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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