Lecture X

J. L. Austin

in How To Do Things With Words

Published in print September 1975 | ISBN: 9780198245537
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191680861 | DOI:
Lecture X

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This chapter comments on the formulas: ‘In saying x, I was doing y’ or ‘I did y’; and ‘By saying x, I did y’ or ‘I was doing y’. It was because of the availability of these formulas which seem specially suitable, the former (in) for picking out verbs which are names for illocutionary acts, and the latter (by) for picking out verbs which are names for perlocutionary acts, that the names illocutionary and perlocutionary were chosen. To use the ‘by saying’ formula as a test of an act being perlocutionary, one must first be sure that ‘by’ is being used in an instrumental as distinct from a criterion sense; and that ‘saying’ is being used in the full sense of a locutionary act.

Keywords: locutionary act; performative; illocutioriary act; perlocutionary

Chapter.  3076 words. 

Subjects: Philosophy of Language

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