The Nature of Man

David P. Gauthier

in The Logic of Leviathan

Published in print October 1979 | ISBN: 9780198246169
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191680939 | DOI:
                   The Nature of Man

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  • History of Western Philosophy
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This chapter discusses the logic in Thomas Hobbes's book, Leviathan. To understand morals and politics is to understand man. The chapter argues that the body politic that gives substance to moral conceptions is the product of human reason reflecting on human passion. It also asserts that Hobbes's psychology is essential to his moral and political theories. This view has been challenged by many recent interpreters and critics. The chapter begins with a statement of that argument and then examines Hobbes's conception of his own method. It shows why Hobbes considers psychology to be the necessary foundation of moral and political science, and leads into his account of the nature of man. The chapter also states that the Introduction to Leviathan compares the making of Commonwealth by the art of man with the making of man by the art of nature.

Keywords: Thomas Hobbes; Leviathan; morals; politics; man; reason; passion; psychology; Commonwealth; nature

Chapter.  9078 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy ; Social and Political Philosophy

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