Chapter

Recidivist Beliefs and Desires

Denise Meyerson

in False Consciousness

Published in print May 1991 | ISBN: 9780198248194
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191681073 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248194.003.0006

Series: Oxford Philosophical Monographs

Recidivist Beliefs and Desires

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According to Marx, the only way to get rid of ideological illusions is to be rid of the social circumstances which generate them. Ideological beliefs can survive the impact of recognized contrary evidence. Even in the absence of a motive for the beliefs, people might persist in them in the fate of acknowledges evidence supporting the hypothesis that they are false. This may be due to the disproportionate effect of very vivid but unreliable experiential evidence on inference which could also account for the phenomenon of ideological desires continuing to affect action despite an unconditional negative valuation. Discussion in this chapter includes: cognitive illusions; some examples of psychological experiments on beliefs; ideological beliefs; and the independence of desires from valuations.

Keywords: Marx; ideological illusions; social circumstances; contrary evidence; motives; inference; desires; cognitive illusions; ideological beliefs; valuations

Chapter.  8588 words. 

Subjects: Social and Political Philosophy

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