Chapter

The City

A. W. Price

in Love and Friendship in Plato and Aristotle

Published in print September 1990 | ISBN: 9780198248996
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191681172 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198248996.003.0007

Series: Clarendon Paperbacks

The City

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This chapter considers how Plato intends communism to transform the guardians, and how he expects that effect to carry through the artisans so that the whole city becomes a community of friends. Plato justifies that in abolishing (among the guardians) the private household and family, he expects to abolish also the private joys and sorrows. His goal is the collectivisation not only of externals but also of emotions. The ideal is a community in respect of pleasure and pain, in which all citizens grieve and rejoice at the same things. Everyone is to identify with everyone else's success and failure and thus the notion ‘mine’ is more dramatic than that of ‘brother’ and the like as it is more communal.

Keywords: Plato; communism; city; friendship; community; private household; collectivisation; emotions

Chapter.  12750 words. 

Subjects: Ancient Philosophy

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