Chapter

The Historical Experience Prior to 1815

Ian Brownlie

in International Law and the Use of Force by States

Published in print March 1963 | ISBN: 9780198251583
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191681332 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198251583.003.0001
The Historical Experience Prior to 1815

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This chapter discusses the historical experience before the year 1815. The early Christian Church refused to accept war as moral in any circumstances and until A.D. 170 Christians were forbidden to enlist. The most influential of the scholastics, St. Thomas Aquinas, was diffused with the teaching of St. Augustine on peace and war. The writers of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and their reflection of changes in European society are illustrated. In addition, the probabilism and the development of the European state system and Balance of Power between 1500–1648 are explained. The positivism and the balance of power in Europe after Westphalia between 1648–1815 are also demonstrated.

Keywords: Thomas Aquinas; European society; state system; Westphalia; war; enlistment

Chapter.  8362 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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