Illegal War, Aggressive War, and Aggression: The Major Legal Developments of the Period 1920 to 1945

Ian Brownlie

in International Law and the Use of Force by States

Published in print March 1963 | ISBN: 9780198251583
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191681332 | DOI:
Illegal War, Aggressive War, and Aggression: The Major Legal Developments of the Period 1920 to 1945

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This chapter describes the major legal developments of the period 1920–45, the content of which establishes the basic norm of the illegality of forcible self-help in the modern law. The accumulation of treaties containing obligations of pacific settlement of disputes provides the necessary background to the developments considered in this chapter. The final form of Draft Treaty of Mutual Assistance is reported. The draft Protocol had the same object as the Treaty of Mutual Assistance. The treaties concluded at the Locarno Conference are significant for their effect on the development of arbitration and conciliation in the practice of states. In addition, the Resolutions of the League Assembly in 1925 and 1927, and the Resolution of the Sixth International Conference of American States are provided. The role of general treaty for the Renunciation of War, signed on August 1928, in State Practice is demonstrated. It also discusses the Anti-War Treaty of Non-Aggression and Conciliation, the Seventh International Conference of American States, and the Inter-American Conference for the Maintenance of Peace. Moreover, an evaluation of the State Practice of the Period 1920–45 is presented.

Keywords: illegal war; conciliation; pacific settlement; Treaty of Mutual Assistance; Locarno Conference; Renunciation of War

Chapter.  23466 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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