Human Rights: Their Implementation and Supervision by the United Nations<sup>*</sup>

Louis B. Sohn

in Human Rights in International Law

Published in print June 1986 | ISBN: 9780198255406
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191681592 | DOI:
Human Rights: Their Implementation and Supervision by the United Nations*

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This chapter focuses on implementation of human rights in the U.N. context. An understanding of the U.N. system of implementation and supervision of the observance of human rights is crucial to the understanding of the functioning of the global system of protection of human rights. The chapter discusses many of these developments, some of which are still in an inchoate form, such as the increased resort to the good offices of the U.N. Secretary-General, the more frequent use of working groups of independent experts, and the use of fact-finding groups. It also discusses the crucial problem of domestic implementation of human rights. The chapter considers the great range of international measures of implementation, starting with reporting by states, through inter-state complaints, and ending with the role of private communications, emphasizing the growing rights of individuals to complain to international courts and commissions. In recognizing the difficulties involved in the enforcement of human rights law, the role of public opinion and public pressures is noted. Teaching suggestions, syllabus, and bibliographies are provided at the end of the chapter.

Keywords: United Nations; human rights; implementation; enforcement

Chapter.  15064 words. 

Subjects: Public International Law

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