Chapter

The 1972 Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects

Bin Cheng

in Studies in International Space Law

Published in print December 1997 | ISBN: 9780198257301
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191681745 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198257301.003.0011
The 1972 Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects

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This chapter details the events leading up to the ratification of the 1972 Convention on International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects. It took the United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space nine years from 1962 to 1971 to produce an agreement on international liability for damage caused by the launching of objects into space. The text of the draft convention elaborated by its Legal Sub-Committee and transmitted by it to the General Assembly of the United Nations was in due course endorsed by the latter in its resolution 2777 (XXIV) on 29 November 1971, and opened for signature at London, Moscow, and Washington on 29 March 1972. The Convention received its fifth ratification on 1 September 1972 and, in accordance with its Article XXIV (3), entered into force on the same date. The Convention contains 28 articles. There is what may be called an Optional Clause in Article XIX, at least as interpreted in paragraph 3 of General Assembly resolution 2777 (XXVI). Some States have acted upon this interpretation and made declarations accepting in advance the decision of the Claims Commission under the Convention as binding.

Keywords: international treaties; international law; space law; liability; Claims Commission

Chapter.  35453 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Public International Law

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