Chapter

The Commons Revolt

A. W. Brian Simpson

in In the Highest Degree Odious

Published in print November 1994 | ISBN: 9780198259497
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191681974 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259497.003.0004
The Commons Revolt

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The Home Office division concerned with making detention orders was G2, under Sir Ernest Holderness. Enemy aliens were the chief concern. A few belonged to the Auslands Organisation, the overseas organisation of the Nazi Party, or were associated with such organisations as the German Labour Front. For the 19,000 or so resident Italians there was the Fascio, which, along with the Auslands Organisation, was viewed with suspicion by Military Intelligence Section 5. There were a number of German agents in Britain in the late 1930s, though by the time the war came the active numbers were not in double figures. Some Welsh Nationalists may have been approached in the hope that they would be prepared to assist Germany in return for independence, though it is hard to believe that they could have been gullible enough to take this seriously. Code B was laid before Parliament on September 5, 1939. Publication triggered protests in the House of Commons, probably reinforcing the Home Office's reluctance to employ the power of executive detention freely.

Keywords: Britain; executive detention; Home Office; enemy aliens; Ernest Holderness; House of Commons; Code B; Military Intelligence Section 5; Auslands Organisation; Germany

Chapter.  9788 words. 

Subjects: History of Law

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